The Secret of Marble Stone Surface Treatment

In addition to giving people a unique natural artistic visual effect through natural texture, stone can also create ever-changing visual experience through various surface processing methods. Such rich changes are also the charm of stone. Through surface treatment, stone can not only fully display its own charm, but also have the opportunity to improve its own visual defects, thereby enhancing the value in the minds of consumers.

Table of Contents

I. Why does the marble stone surface need to be treated?

1. Self-safety

Since the stone is a natural material, if it is not surface-treated, it is easy to return to alkali, yellowing, and even weathering due to chemical reactions after leaving the factory.

2. Functionality

Spaces with different functions and different design techniques require different properties of stone to meet their functionality. For example, the wet area of the bathroom cannot use smooth stone, the stone in the hotel lobby will not use dull stone, and the service space needs to consider the durability of the stone. Slip resistance, space durability, etc. should be considered.

3. Aesthetics

Any decorative material is to give decoration to the space. Different stone surface treatment methods can also meet different design concepts and create different effects. If you want to achieve a luxurious effect, you can use high-gloss stone; if you want to create a return to nature, an irregular matte surface is the best choice.

II. What type of marble stone surface treatment is there now?

Stone surface treatment refers to the use of different processing treatments on the surface of the stone under the condition of ensuring the safety of the stone itself, so that it presents different material styles to meet various design needs.

Taking marble as an example, its surface treatment is very important, because designers will choose the appropriate surface treatment form according to the type and pattern of the stone, hardness and characteristics, etc., and then present it in the interior space. In this way, the effect of the design work can be better guaranteed, the design requirements of safety, functionality and aesthetics can be met, and some design problems can be avoided.

There are many surface treatment forms of marble. From the perspective of non-slip, stain resistance, easy cleaning and collision resistance, different surface treatment methods can be extended.

So, what are the more common stone surface processing methods in the industry? According to the actual use situation, it can be roughly divided into the following three types:

1. Common marble surface types


The polished surface is smooth, highly polished, and has a mirror effect. The polishing may or may not last for a long time, depending on the type of stone. Granite and Marble are usually polished and require different maintenance to maintain their luster.

Hone finished

The matte surface refers to the flat surface, and the stone surface is less polished with resin abrasives, but the luminosity is lower and the reflection of light is weaker.


The surface of the burnt surface is rough. This surface is mainly used indoors, such as floors or as decorative fabrics in commercial buildings, and the labor cost is high. After being heated at a high temperature, it is quickly cooled to form a fire noodle. The flame-treated surface is generally granite.


The surface of the cracked surface is rough, but not as rough as fire. This surface is usually cut by hand or in a mine cut to expose the natural cracked surface of the stone. This surface treatment is mainly used for sintered stone.


The surface of the tumbled surface is smooth or slightly rough, and the edges and corners are smooth and crumbled. There are several ways to achieve the tumbling effect. 2cm bricks can be tumbled in the machine, 3cm bricks can also be tumbled and then split into two bricks. Marble is the material of choice for tumbling treatments.


The surface of the brushing face is old. The treatment process is to brush the surface of the stone, imitating the natural wear effect of the stone.

2. Anti-slip surface types


The stone surface is corroded by strong acid, which is more natural and rustic after treatment. Most stones can be pickled, the most common being marble and limestone. The features are non-slip, stain-resistant, and easy to clean. They are suitable for spaces with water, humidity, and frequent contact with people, such as shower floors.


The surface of the bush-hammered surface is rough and uneven, and the bush-hammered surface is formed by excavating dense small holes.


The stone surface is treated into a cloth texture, giving a feeling of wall covering. The textured surface retains the texture of the stone and imitates the texture of the wallpaper. There are many application cases for cloth surfaces, such as the Shanghai Puli Hotel.

Water spray

Use high-pressure water to directly impact the stone surface to peel off the softer ingredients. The texture and graininess of the water spray surface are weaker than those of the acid washing surface and the bush-hammered surface, and the texture is better than that of the hone finished surface. The water jet finish works similarly to the hone finished surface.


The texture of the rough-picked surface is more bumpy and grainier than that of bush-hammered surface. The texture of the material is opposite to that of the water spray surface, with strong concave-convex feeling and heavy grainy feeling, and the concave-convex surface is more obvious than the bush-hammered surface. It is used when the space needs a clear grainy feeling.

3. Decorative surface types


The texture of the congan surface is regular, directional, and dense. This stone has a rich surface texture and is suitable for use in spaces that express individuality or return to nature. The surface of the congan surface is not smooth. After the initial cutting, the stone is further processed to eliminate the obvious saw marks, but the effect is not as good as after polishing.

Flamed brush

The grooved surface is a groove with a certain depth and width (usually 5mm × 5mm) on the surface, which is usually a straight notch, and a water jet can also be used to draw a curved notch, but its material cost is high. Grinding can be done when necessary to avoid accidental injury.


The grooved surface is a groove with a certain depth and width (usually 5mm × 5mm) on the surface, which is usually a straight notch, and a water jet can also be used to draw a curved notch, but its material cost is high. Grinding can be done when necessary to avoid accidental injury.


The mushroom surfaces are generally artificially chiseled, and the surface of the stone is in the shape of a hill that protrudes in the middle. This kind of stone should be widely known and is usually used as building enclosures, exterior walls and indoor spaces with natural wind.

When using this kind of stone, you should pay attention to the relationship between its specifications, thickness and craftsmanship. If the size of the stone used is too large or too heavy, it should not be glued, and it is easy to use the dry hanging process.


The surface of the naturalcleft surface is rough and convex. This surface treatment is usually cut by hand or chiseled in the mine, so as to expose the natural cracked surface of the stone and restore the original appearance of the stone when it was mined.

The naturalcleft surface refers to the processing method in which a piece of stone is naturally split from the middle with a hammer to form an extremely uneven surface like a natural stone. The naturalcldft surface is extremely rough, and it is widely used in small squares, curbstones and other products.

Acid washing antique

The acid washing antique surface is made on the basis of the acid washing surface and combined with the advantages of the flamed brush surface. The form and effect are suitable for the old and weathered space.

III. What are the types of advanced marble stone textures that are popular today?

There are many surface forms of stone texture, such as smooth surface, matte surface, sandblasted surface, grooved surface, etc. Such rich changes are also one of the charms of stone. The advanced form of stone surface treatment: Artistic texture, can create the effect of expressing the surface texture of stone incisively and vividly.

Today, I will share with you some rare high-level artistic textures.

1. Wave

The very popular wave surface ripples, also known as liquid marble, can present a flexible shape on the stone, making the marble more artistic.


2. Slubby

The slubby surface has the same texture as the bamboo and the shading highlights the shape, and the overall sense is stronger, which is suitable for decorative positions such as background walls.


3. Geometric line

The simple and geometric stone texture style constitutes an eye-catching visual effect. Compared with other textures, the geometric line shape texture is more simple, and the minimalist style and modern style are very suitable.


Different processing methods will create different surface effects, and different surface effects have different visual and touch feelings for people. In the design process, not only the aesthetic feeling of the material for the space is considered, but also the feeling that the material itself brings to us. For example, the metal material gives people a cold feeling, and the wood material gives a warm and comfortable feeling.

The same is true for George Marble. The treatment of the polished surface of the stone gives a noble and cold feeling in the space. If it is used too much, it will appear excessively luxurious and attention-grabbing. The antique stone gives a retro, low-key and calm feeling. The stone will not appear particularly cold, so the conversion of different stone textures will bring unexpected effects to people!

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